What exactly is “sharding”?

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We here at Metaverse News are aware that you are well-versed in the crypto world, but we can see that we have many new readers daily. Therefore, to honour and cover the approaching Ethereum merge, we are publishing a series of articles that delve a little deeper into the topic. What is ETH and what does the upcoming merge mean? And today we want to talk a little about sharding.

A widespread idea in the field of computer science, “sharding” refers to the technique of horizontally partitioning a database in order to distribute the workload. In the case of Ethereum, sharding will operate synergistically with layer 2 rollups by dividing the load of managing the vast amount of data required by rollups over the whole network. This will allow the network as a whole to function more efficiently. This will continue to minimize congestion on the network while simultaneously increasing the number of transactions that occur each second.

This is vital for a variety of reasons, not the least of which is scalability. And as all readers of Metaverse News know, this is one of the most important things!

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If you want to maintain things decentralized but still want to grow, sharding is a good approach to do it, since the alternative is to scale by increasing the size of the database that is already in use. Because of this, Ethereum would become more difficult to access for network validators, since they would need high-powered and costly machines. It will no longer be necessary for validators to keep all of this data on their own due to the implementation of sharding. Instead, validators will be able to utilize data methods to verify that the data has been made accessible by the network as a whole. Because of this, the cost of storing data on layer 1 is cut down significantly by lowering the required amount of hardware.

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